International Alliance on Natural Resources in Africa

Natural Resources matter! Legislature and consent for the people by the people.


The International Alliance on Natural Resources in Africa is a network of non-governmental and community-based organisations, collectively striving for more just and sustainable use of natural resources in Africa.

By combining community organising, research and evidence-based advocacy, our work aims to protect the rights of poor and excluded people to equitable benefits, that will lead to more inclusive development in Africa.


This continent, with 600 million hectares of uncultivated arable land, holds the world’s greatest known reserves of minerals. But Africa suffers from the resource curse, with many communities affected by mining ending up worse off than before the mining began. Entire villages have been forcibly removed from their ancestral land, in many cases with no replacement land. Members of the communities have been arrested and imprisoned for protecting the only asset they have, their land, which is most often their only source of livelihood.

In addition, rivers and land have been contaminated from mining processes and communities have lost access to water. The African Charter on Human and People’s Rights, established to guarantee these communities’ rights, is often violated.

Governments are burdened with the high costs of subsidising natural resource operations and profits. They also lose revenue due to tax evasion, tax breaks and revenue hiding by companies. Governments use extensive state resources to provide health care for thousands of mine workers and affected mining community members, clean up polluted areas and rehabilitate mined land.

The question remains whether the mining revenue obtained by governments equals the subsidisation provided by them.


IANRA Khuluma is our network’s monthly reflection and learning forum where our members share their experiences and connect.

Guide to Legislatures and Legislative Processes Affecting Mining Communities

The purpose of this guide is to (1) provide information generally about legislative processes in the National and Provincial legislatures; and (2) focus in on key areas where mining affected communities and NGO’s might intervene; and (3) provide ways to intervene. This guide is not exhaustive as there is much information in the public domain that can be accessed – especially online – which provides easy to understand discussions of the legislatures and their responsibilities and how to conduct advocacy with them. A critical aspect of this guide is also to highlight resources that can be accessed online.

This Guide was compiled through the work of the International Alliance on Natural Resources in Africa (IANRA) and its member organisations – in particular, the South African member organisations who participated in the Mining Communities Matter project, also called Building participation and advocacy among mining communities, CSO’s and legislatures for inclusive development. This project is co-funded by the European Union, with match funding also received from The Ford Foundation and Heinrich Böll Stiftung



Repositioning community groups for effective Covid-19 engagement
to promote successful implementation of the clean-up exercise


21-22 JUNE 2022

On 21st and 22nd of June 2022, the International Alliance on Natural Resources in Africa (IANRA)
Secretariat hosted IANRA Steering Committee members in Johannesburg for an in depth Strategic
Conversation Meeting.

IANRA is pleased to invite you to the joint webinar we are hosting today in partnership with our member organisation Action Aid  Zambia where we will be discussing Community Based Biodiversity Protection

Date: Friday 23 June 2021

Time: 11:00AM – 12:30pm SA Time

Platform: Zoom Webinar

Register in advance for this webinar:



The sustainable and equitable management of natural resources.


Natural resource and environmental legislation and policy frameworks – nationally, regionally, and globally.


Adherence to best practice Corporate Governance Standards (ethical and social responsibility).


Tangible long-term, sustainable benefits for communities.


Current political economy and conversion between state and private interests.

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